Uganda

Uganda is one of the countries making up East Africa, the others being Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi. It is covering an area of 241,000 Sq. Km, 18% of the total area is occupied by fresh water bodies. It is a country of many contrasts, the forbidding mountains act as a foil to the softer meadows broad savannah, while the dry uplands contrast with the swampy lands on lakeshores. The country has various tribes, which is reflected by the surroundings and demonstrates the multiplicity of cultures traditions, lifestyles and languages. The largest cultural group is the Baganda tribe, whose Kingdom has always been influential amongst our ethnic groups others include but are not limited to the kingdom of Toro, the Banyankole, Iteso, Basoga and many others.

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CLIMATE

The climate of Uganda is highly equatorial but due to the variations in altitude, the climate types have tended to vary. It can generally be described as warm and wet with the wet seasons being March- June and September- December while the warm season falls between December-February. Average temperature during the wet season is about 22 degrees Celsius while during the dry season the average temperature is 29 degrees.

 

LANDSCAPE

Uganda generally lies on a plateau, more than 1000 M above sea level. The northern and parts of the eastern lie on a plain covered by savanna grasslands; the extreme eastern area of Bugisu, Kapchorwa, Tororo is dominated by the volcanic conditions of Mt. Elgon while on the far west border of Congo, the snow capped Rwenzori Mountains ( mountains of the moon) occupy it. The central area is low-lying occupied by Lake Victoria with the sources of the great Nile River. Lake Victoria and River Nile are very important natural resources to Ugandans because of the economic activities here which include:- agriculture, tourism, power generation, fishing, etc.

 

ACCOMMODATION

The Ugandan hospitality industry offers beautiful accommodation places in Town and in the Parks where accommodation varies from luxurious lodges to eco camps and adventures Campsites.

 

LANGUAGES

There are as many languages as there are districts in Uganda. The languages numbers about 50. However the common languages spoken in Uganda include Kiswahili, Luganda, English, Lusoga, Ateso and Acholi. The official language of Uganda is English and Kiswahili is the second proposed official language.

 

HISTORY

Uganda’s history dates way back to the civilization era (3500 years ago). During this period powerful kingdoms of Bunyoro-Kitara and Buganda emerged. Civilization followed and the landmark came when the British established a protectorate in 1894 which reigned until the country was given independence in 1962.Todate the country has gone through a lot of civil wars and strife and that is why Uganda has had 9 Presidents since independence.

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